What is presbyopia (maturational nearsightedness)?

What is presbyopia (maturational nearsightedness)?

Presbyopia (mature nearsightedness) is a fairly common eye disorder that all of us, sooner or later, will face. Although it is not a serious condition, it can be bothersome and limit quality of life.

Causes of presbyopia

Presbyopia is associated with the natural aging process of the eye. As the lens ages, its elasticity decreases, affecting its ability to focus light, especially at close range. In addition, changes occurring in the ciliar muscles that control the shape of the lens reduce the quality of vision.

Symptoms of presbyopia

Symptoms of presbyopia usually appear around the age of 40 and gradually worsen. The most common noticeable symptom is difficulty reading small print or sharpening images at close distances. People with presbyopia often hold books or newspapers farther away from them to see better. In addition, they may experience headaches, eye fatigue and difficulty seeing in low light.

Diagnosis of presbyopia

Presbyopia is diagnosed by an ophthalmologist or optometrist during an eye exam. The specialist performs a series of tests, including a visual acuity test and a fundus examination. These allow the exclusion of other eye disorders and the determination of needed correction.

Presbyopia correction

Presbyopia is a natural process of the eyes and we correct it in various ways. The most common are glasses or contact lenses. Many clients opt for progressive or bifocal eyeglasses, in which they can see distances and proximities sharply, and in progressives also intermediate distances. Such a solution allows them to function comfortably in everyday life. For those who are not fond of glasses, multifocal contact lenses are an ideal solution. They provide simultaneous vision (at the same time we can see far and near sharply and blurryly, and the brain "selects" for itself the sharp image). They are very comfortable, but do not provide perfect vision, only acceptable. But do not be discouraged, it is a solution that must be tested on yourself. In some cases, surgical methods are also used - laser vision correction, surgical lens replacement or intraocular lens implantation. Such a decision should be consulted with an ophthalmic surgeon.


Presbyopia, although natural, can make life difficult. Fortunately, we have various ways to correct it, and our specialists will help you choose the best solution.

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